Free Speech and Shopping Malls: Private Shopping Malls - The "Not-So-Private" Private Property
Ever since the Pruneyard decision, public shopping malls have been seen as an extension of the public square. Although the property is private, protesters have free speech rights granted by the U.S. and California Constitutions. This can create problems for landlords who are trying to provide a pleasant retail environment for their guests and tenants. Recent case law has changed the rules, but Allen Matkins has created a set of model rules for shopping center landlords. These rules address the time, place and manner issues upon which free speech can be limited in shopping malls.
Evolving Free Speech Legislation Threatens the Rights of Property Owners
Free Speech and Shopping Malls: Resources to Help Landlords and Property Owners Stay Compliant